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What even is a Discourse Community??Edit

John Swales defined discourse communities as "groups that have goals or purposes, and use communication to achieve these goals."


James Porter calls discourse communities: “a local and temporary constraining system, defined by a body of texts (or more generally, practices) that are unified by a common focus. A discourse community is a textual system with stated and unstated conventions, a vital history, mechanisms for wielding power, institutional hierarchies, vested interests, and so on.”

Will Ogles says "Discourse communities are a group of likeminded people who get together and do stuff and its a simple as that."

What makes a Discourse Community?Edit

A Discourse Community:

  1. has a broadly agreed set of common public goals.
  2. has mechanisms of intercommunication among its members.
  3. uses its participatory mechanisms primarily to provide information and feedback.
  4. utilizes and hence possesses one or more genres in the communicative furtherance of its aims.
  5. in addition to owning genres, it has acquired some specific lexis
  6. has a threshold level of members with a suitable degree of relevant content and discoursal expertise.

Examples of a Discourse Community and whyEdit

From Professional setting like Doctors:

  • have the same goals of helping patients
  • communiciate with other doctors at confernces, write prescriptions to let other qualified people  know what they expect done
  • definitely has their own set of vocabulary- from the Medulla Oblongata to acetaminophen,   doctors could have a conversation in front of you that sounded likea foreign language
  • there also very much is a level of expertise difference among doctors. Fresh out of school doctors will have a lot to learn compared to a chief doctor of a hospital

Discourses can be non-professional as well, something as simple as a  Church group could be considered as such.

  • The goals of the church group could be different (depending on what church) but the goals are similar to become closer to some higher being with your peers
  • They would do this through conversations or bible studies in the week and especially at church on Sundays.
  • Their own vocabulary could consist of catechism or theological virtues. Things you wouldn’t likely here at a casual dinner
  • Also here too school is a major game changer when it comes to evidence, you could be a average church goer, or a priest but your goals remain the same (you just may go about them in a different manner).

Breaking it down more..Edit

Discourse communities are made to be much harder than they really are. Discourse communities are a scholalry term so in a way you could say just reading this makes you part of a discourse. Because they are a scholarly term they sometimes thought of as a tough or difficult concept. However if you have a question if something is a in fact a discourse community just  follow my steps above and if you can fill out the explanations, youre dealing with a discourse community!


D

  • Join a local recycling group
  • Girls rally around that Canadian
  • Example of being in more than Discourse